Mercury Impact on Seed Germination

 Mercury Influence on Seed Germination Essay

MERCURY EFFECT ON GERMINATION AND GROWTH OF

Capsicum annuum SEEDS

NURSHAHIDA BINTI OSMAN

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (Hons. )

TECHNOLOGY AND PLANTING MANAGEMENT

TEACHERS OF PLANTATION AND AGROTECHNOLOGY

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

JULY 2012

MERCURY EFFECT ON GERMINATION AND GROWTH OF

Capsicum annuum SEEDS

NURSHAHIDA BINTI OSMAN

Final Year Project Report Submitted In

Partial Happiness of the Requirements for the

Degree of Bachelor of Scientific research (Hons. ) Technology and Plantation Administration In the Faculty of Planting and Agrotechnology

Universiti Teknologi MARA

JULY 2012

DECLARATION

This Last Year Project is a partially fulfilment in the requirements for any degree of Bachelors of Scientific research (Hons. ) Technology and Plantation Management, Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

It is totally my own job and has not been submitted to the other College or university or higher education institution, or perhaps for any various other academic prize in this School. Where make use of has been made of the work of other people it has been fully identified and totally referenced.

My spouse and i hereby designate all every rights inside the copyright for this Work towards the Universiti Teknologi MARA (" UiTM”), which usually henceforth will be the owner of copyright in this Operate and that, virtually any reproduction or perhaps use in virtually any form or by any means whatsoever is prohibited without a created consent of UiTM.

Candidate's signature:.............................................

Date:....................................

NURSHAHIDA BINTI OSMAN

Identity:......................................................................

I hereby declare that we have checked this project and in my opinion, this project is satisfactory in terms of range and top quality for the award of the degree of Bachelors of Science (Hons. ) Technology and Plantation Administration, Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Signature: ……………………………..................... DR . TSAN FUI YING

Name of Supervisor: …………………………........

SENIOR LECTURER

Position: …………………………............................ Date: …………………………..................................

ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Alhamdulliah and praise always be to Allah for the guidance and blessing, I was able to full this last year job.

First of all, I would really prefer to express my own gratitude to my supervisor, Dr Tsan Fui Ying, for her assistance, advice, confidence, good criticisms and also pertaining to he l patience in guiding me throughout final year project.

My unique thanks from the bottom of my personal heart go to my parent or guardian s and my siblings for their understanding and support during my examine in UiTM.

Lastly, I would personally also like to show my particular thanks to my friends who were directly or indirectly involved with giving all their ideas, tips, criticism, and moral support throughout the task. Thank you very much.

NURSHAHIDA BINTI OSMAN

iii

STAND OF CONTENTS

Page

2

iii

4

v

vi

vii

viii

ix

ASSERTION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

TABLE OF MATERIAL

LIST OF FIGURES

LIST OF DESKS

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

ABSTRACT

ABSTRAK

CHAPTER

1

INTRODUCTION

1 . 1

Background Of Capsicum annuum

1 . 2

Value Of Chili peppers annuum

1 . 3

Qualifications of the rock

1 . 5

Seed germination and growth

1 . your five

1 . six

1 . several

1 . eight

Problem Declaration

Objective Of Study

Significance Of Study

Scope Of Study

1

2

four

4

your five

6

6

6

2

LITERATURE ASSESSMENT

2 . you

Source of heavy metal

2 . a couple of

Inhibition of seed germination

Environmental effect

2 . three or more

7

being unfaithful

12

3

MATERIAL AND METHOD

several. 1

Site of analyze

3. two

Test Material

3. a few

Experimental Process

3. 5

Data collection

3. 5

Experimental design

3. six

Statistical analysis

3. 7

Work schedule

16

14

18

15

15

15

12-15

4

OUTCOMES AND CONVERSATION

17

your five

CONCLUSION

20

21

twenty four

34

MENTIONED REFERENCES

SORTIE

CURRICULUM VITAE

iv

LIST OF STATISTICS

Figure

Caption

Page

some. 1

Germination of C. annuum seeds after treatment with HgCl2

17

5. 2

Seeds...

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http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/chili-peppers.html

Private. (2012b). PLANTS Profile Chili peppers annuum M. var. annuum cayenne

pepper Retrieved 20 May 2012, from http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?

Boening, G. W. (2000). Ecological results, transport, and fate of mercury: a general

review

Butterfield, H. Meters., (1967). Seedling germination. A bunch of states Horticultural Contemporary society

Journal 28(2): 1-9

CsillГ©ry G. (2006) Pepper taxonomy and the botanical description from the species,

Dokument Argon Hung

El-Temsah, Sumado a. S., & Joner, E. J. (2010). Impact of Fe and Ag nanoparticles on seedling

germination and differences in bioavailability during direct exposure in aqueous

Ghavri, H. V., & Singh, Ur. P. (2010). Phytotranslocation of Fe by biodiesel plant

Jatropha curcas L

Giller, K. E., Witter, Electronic., & McGrath, S. G. (1998). Toxicity of large metals to

microorganisms and microbial techniques in gardening soils: An overview

Jaja, Capital t, E., & Odoemena, C. S. I. (2004). A result of Pb, Cu and Ideologia compounds for the

germination and early seedling growth of tomato varieties

Kozanecka, T., Chojnicki, J., & Kwasowski, W. (2002). Articles of heavy metals in

plant coming from pollution-free parts

Kranner, I actually., & Colville, L. (2011). Metals and seeds: Biochemical and molecular

implications and the significance for seed germination

Ling, To., Fangke, Con., & Jun, R. (2010). Effect of mercury to seedling germination,

coleoptile growth and root elongation of four veggie

Longman (2006). Dictionary of Comtemporary The english language. Pearson Education Limited:

1950.

Luo, C., Liu, C., Wang, Con., Liu, X., Li, Farreneheit., Zhang, G., & Li, X. (2011). Heavy metal

contaminants in soil and vegetables near a great e-waste processing site, to the south China.

Mami, Y., Ahmadi, G., Shahmoradi, M., & Gorbani, H. R. (2011). Influence of

different attentiveness of weighty metals on the seed germination and regarding

McDonald, Meters. B. (2011). Physiology of Seed Germination. Retrieved 23 November

2011, from http://seedbiology.osu.edu/HCS631_files/4A%20Seed%20germination.

Nriagu, J. O. (1989). A global assessment of natural sources of atmospheric trace

alloys

Patra, Meters., & Sharma, A. (2000). Mercury degree of toxicity in grow. The Organic Review

66(3): 379-422.

Reichman, S. Meters. (2002). The Responses of Plants to Metal Degree of toxicity: A review

concentrating on Copper, Manganese and Zinc

Rindels, H. (1996). Good seed germination. Horticulture and Home Infestation News

IC-475(2), Iowa Point out University

(1997). Ascorbic acid and provitamin a material in generally colored bells peppers

(Capsicum annuum T. )

Siti Aishah, They would., Saberi, A. R., Halim, R. A., & Zaharah, A. 3rd there’s r. (2010). Salinity

effects about germination of forage sorghums

Suthar, A. C., Naik, V. L., & Mulani, R. M. (2009). Seedling and seed germination in

Solanum nigrum Linn

Thomine, S., Wang, R., Ward, J. Meters., Crawford, N. M., & Schroeder, J. I. (2000).

Vera, G. T., Martin, R. S., & Aceituna, S. Ur. (2010). Effect of chemical and physical

treatment on seed germination of Erica australis

Wong, L. W. C., Lai, E. M. Deb., Su. H. & Fang, M. (2001). Availability of heavy

metals pertaining to Brassica chinensis grown within an acidic loamy soil changed with home-based

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